Chapter 4: End-of-life vehicles

Regulations relating to the recycling of waste (Waste Regulations). This is an unofficial translation of the Norwegian regulation.

Laid down pursuant to sections 29 and 33 of the Act of 13 March 1981 no. 6 concerning Protection against Pollution and concerning Waste (the Pollution Control Act). Cf. the EEA agreement, appendix XX, paragraph 32e (Council Directive 2000/53/EC amended by Commission Decision 2002/525/EC), paragraph 32eb (Commission Decision 2002/151/EC) and paragraph 32ec (Commission Decision 2003/138/EC).

I. Introductory provisions

4-1. Purpose

The purpose of the provisions in this chapter is to prevent and reduce the environmental problems caused by waste generated from end-of-life vehicles.

4-2. Scope

Subchapter II Take-back systems for end-of-life vehicles and section V Final provisions apply to vehicles belonging to classes M1 and N1 and to three-wheeled motor vehicles excluding motor tricycles, cf. the regulations of 4 October 1994 no. 918 relating to technical requirements and approval of motor vehicles, components and equipment (the Motor Vehicle Regulations).

Subchapter III Treatment of end-of-life vehicles applies to all vehicles.

Subchapter IV Completion of certificates of destruction and disbursement of refund payments applies to vehicles belonging to classes M1 and N1, snowmobiles, minibuses and buses with a length of less than 6 metres and equipped for the transport of up to 16 passengers in addition to the driver, and to motor caravans and combined passenger and goods vehicles.

4-3. Definitions

a) Producer means any person, including private individuals, engaged in the manufacture of vehicles or their import into Norway. b) Treatment means any activity after the end-of life vehicle has been handed over to a treatment facility for end-of-life vehicles for depollution, dismantling, shearing, shredding, recovery or preparation for disposal of the shredder wastes following shredding (shredder fluff), and any other operation carried out for the recovery or disposal of the end-of life vehicle and its components c) Hazardous substance means any chemical substance or preparation that may be hazardous to health or the environment or represent a fire or explosion hazard, cf. section 3 of the regulations of 16 July 2002 no. 1139 relating to the classification, labelling, etc. of dangerous chemicals. d) Dismantling information means all information required for the correct and environmentally sound treatment of end-of life vehicles, including information on the location of components and materials that contain hazardous substances and on their recoverability.

II. Take-back systems for end-of-life vehicles

4-4. Producer’s responsibilities

Producers have a duty to ensure that the collection and treatment of end-of-life vehicles takes place in an environmentally sound manner in accordance with subchapter III, Treatment of end-of-life vehicles, of this chapter. The duty for each producer applies to the proportional share of end-of-life vehicles [in a particular year] that corresponds to the producer’s share of the Norwegian market in the same year.

By 1 January 2006, all producers shall ensure that 85% by weight of their share of all end-of-life vehicles, cf. subsection one, is recovered, and that at least 80 percentage points of this is recycled and the remainder used for energy recovery.

By 1 January 2015, all producers shall ensure that a total of 95% by weight of their share of all end-of-life vehicles, cf. subsection one, is recovered, and that at least 85 percentage points of this is recycled and the remainder used for energy recovery.

Producers have a duty to provide the public and other affected parties with satisfactory information about the take-back system for end-of-life vehicles.

The duties laid down in this subsection shall be fulfilled through participation in an approved take-back system, cf. sections 4-5 and 4-6.

4-5. Approval of a take-back system

Take-back systems for end-of-life vehicles shall receive prior approval from the Environment Agency. It must be established that the system meets the requirements of this chapter. Further conditions relating to approval may be imposed. Approval may be withdrawn if the requirements are not met.

Any person shall be able to deliver any end-of-life vehicle to the take-back system free of charge, cf. section 4-2, subsection one. The take-back system shall have adequate geographical coverage.

All producers shall be entitled to take part in the take-back system, and all participants shall receive equal treatment. Nevertheless, the price of participation in the system may differ depending on the costs involved in treating different kinds of vehicles.

It must be possible to document that the take-back system has adequate financial security.

Any person may establish and operate a take-back system for end-of-life vehicles.

4-6. Documentation of participation in a take-back system

Any person or entity that manufactures or imports vehicles must be able to document that the vehicles manufactured or imported are covered by an approved take-back system. The documentation shall be presented to the Environment Agency upon request.

III. Treatment of end-of-life vehicles

4-7. Requirements for treatment facilities

Any person that operates a treatment facility for end-of-life vehicles must hold a special permit issued by the competent authority pursuant to section 11 of the Pollution Control Act.

As a minimum requirement, such facilities shall meet the requirements of Appendix 1 to this chapter. In particular, components and materials that are labelled or otherwise made identifiable in accordance with section 3-15, paragraph three, of the regulations of 1 June 2004 no. 922 relating to restrictions on the use of chemicals dangerous to health and the environment and other products shall be stripped by 1 July 2003 at the latest.

IV. Completion of certificates of destruction and disbursement of refund payments

4-8. Refund payments

Refund payments will be made for end-of-life vehicles that were first registered after 1 January 1977 or that were first registered before this and were still registered on 1 January 1977.

The minimum requirements for a refund payment to be made for an end-of-life vehicle are that the vehicle must be delivered to an approved treatment facility and the frame, chassis or self-supporting body must be complete and not disassembled and be embossed with the vehicle identification number.

4-9. Disbursement authority

Refund payments for end-of-life vehicles delivered to treatment facilities that have been authorized by the competent authority to issue certificates of destruction will be made by Customs Region Central Norway, Bodø.

4-10. Completion of a certificate of destruction

When an end-of-life vehicle is delivered to a treatment facility, a certificate of destruction for the vehicle shall be completed using the form issued by the Directorate of Customs and Excise, cf. the minimum requirements for a certifcate of destruction set out in Appendix 2 to this chapter. Proof of the last registration number of the vehicle is required; this may be provided by producing the registration documents, a receipt from the Norwegian Public Roads Administration documenting return of the vehicle's number plates or a receipt for payment of insurance for the vehicle. The chassis number of the vehicle shall be documented by the registration papers and checked against the number on the vehicle provided that it is legible.

The person who delivers the vehicle shall provide proof of identity (passport, driving licence or an equivalent document). The number of the document used as proof of identity and the personal identity number or business enterprise organisation number of the person delivering the vehicle shall be entered on the certificate of destruction.

4-11. Record-keeping and submission of certificates of destruction

Certificates of destruction shall be registrered by each treatment facility in a logbook in ascending order.

Certificates of detruction shall be transferred electronically by treatment facilities that have been authorized for this purpose by the Directorate of Customs and Excise. This may be done on a daily basis. The transfer does not entail any change in the duty to complete and retain certificates of destruction.

If certificates of destruction are not transferred electronically, they shall be collected and sent to Customs Region Central Norway, Bodø on the first and fifteenth day of every month.

If one of these dates falls on a Saturday, Sunday or other public holiday, the dispatch shall be postponed to the next working day that is not a Saturday.

4-12. Disbursement of refund payments

Customs Region Central Norway, Bodø will make refund payments, when the conditions for such payments are met, to the person or entity that is entitled to receive the payment according to the certificate of destruction. The amount of the refund payment is set in the annual budget resolution made by the Storting.

The payment shall be disbursed in the manner and at the time determined by the Directorate of Customs and Excise.

4-13. Archiving of accounts

The accounts of treatment facilities, with documentation, including copies of certificates of destruction and the accompanying logbook, shall be kept as laid down in section 11 of the Act of 13 May 1977 no. 35 relating to the duty to keep accounts, etc.

V. Final provisions

4-14. Duty to provide documentation

Producers of vehicles must be able to document how they have fulfilled their obligations pursuant to the provisions in this chapter. Such documentation shall be produced to the Environment Agency on request.

The Environment Agency may lay down further guidelines for providing documentation.

4-15. Phasing out of components, labelling and the duty to provide information

Provisions relating to the phasing out of components, labelling and the duty to provide information are incorporated in section 3-15 of regulations no. 922 of 1 June 2004 relating to restrictions on the use of chemicals dangerous to health and the environment and other products.

4-16. Control

The Environment Agency will be responsible for ensuring compliance with sections 4-4 to 4-6, and the county governor will be responsible for ensuring compliance with section 4-7.

The Directorate of Customs and Excise or the agency authorised by the Ministry of Finance will beresponsible for ensuring compliance with sections 4-8 to 4-13.

4-17. Coercive fines

Customs Region Central Norway, Bodø may impose coercive fines in accordance with the provisions of section 13 of the Product Control Act or section 73 of the Pollution Control Act in areas within its sphere of responsibility, cf. section 4-16.

The rules governing coercive fines laid down in chapter 17 shall otherwise apply.

4-18. Appeals

Appeals against decisions made by Customs Region Central Norway, Bodø pursuant to subchapter IV Completion of certificates of destruction and refund payments may be submitted to the Directorate of Customs and Excise.

The rules governing appeals laid down in chapter 17 shall otherwise apply.

4-19. Transitional provisions

Up to 1 January 2007, section 4-4 shall only apply to vehicles that are registered in Norway for the first time after 1 July 2002. From 1 January 2007, section 4-4 shall apply to all vehicles, regardless of the date on which they were registered.

Appendix 1. Minimum technical requirements for treatment facilities for end-of-life vehicles, cf. section 4-7

1. Sites for storage (including temporary storage) of end-of-life vehicles prior to their treatment shall be equipped with:

  • fixed, impermeable surfaces for appropriate areas with the provision of spillage collection facilities or decanters and cleanser-degreaser  
  • equipment for the treatment of waste water in accordance with a permit or a permit to transfer waste water to an approved treatment plant.

2. Sites for treatment (depollution and preparation for further treatment) shall be equipped with:

  • fixed, impermeable surfaces for appropriate areas with the provision of spillage collection facilities or decanters and cleanser-degreasers,  
  • appropriate storage for dismantled spare parts, including impermeable storage for oil-contaminated spare parts that can be reused,  
  • appropriate containers for the storage of batteries (with electrolyte neutralisation on site or elsewhere), oil filters as well as filters and condensers containing PCBs/PCTs,  
  • appropriate storage tanks for the segregated storage of end-of-life vehicle fluids: fuel, motor oil, gearbox oil, transmission oil, hydraulic oil, cooling liquids, antifreeze, brake fluids, battery acids, air-conditioning system fluids and any other fluid contained in the end-of-life vehicle,  
  • equipment for the treatment of waste water in accordance with a permit or a permit to transfer waste water to an approved treatment plant.

3. Requirements relating to treatment operations for depollution of end-of-life vehicles. To reduce possible pollution during further treatment, the following shall be carried out

  • removal of batteries and liquified gas tanks  
  • removal or neutralisation of potential explosive components, (e.g. air bags and seat belt tensioners)  
  • removal of oil filters  
  • removal and separate collection and storage of fuel, motor oil, transmission oil, gearbox oil, hydraulic oil, cooling liquids, antifreeze, brake fluids, air-conditioning system fluids and any other fluid contained in the end-of-life vehicle, unless they are necessary for the re-use of the parts concerned,  
  • removal, as far as feasible, of all components identified as containing mercury.

4. Requirements relating to treatment operations for depollution of end-of-life vehicles. To promote recycling, the following operations shall be carried out:

  • removal of catalysts,  
  • removal of tyres,  
  • removal of metal components containing copper, aluminium and magnesium if these metals are not segregated in the shredding process,  
  • removal of glass and large plastic components if these materials are not segregated in the subsequent shredding process,

5. Storage and treatment operations are to be carried out in such a way that avoids to the greatest possible extent damage to components containing fluids or to recoverable components and spare parts.

6. Materials and components that are covered by section 3-15, paragraph three, of  the regulations of 1 June 2004 no. 922 relating to restrictions on the use of chemicals dangerous to health and the environment and other products and that shall be stripped, cf. section 4-7

Materials and components

Scope and date of expiry of the exemption

To be removed at the latest from 1 July 2003 inclusive

Lead as an alloying element

 

 

1. Steel for machining purposes and galvanised steel containing up to0.35 percent lead by weight

 

 

 

2a) Aluminium for machining purposes with a lead content up to 2 percent by weight

b) Aluminium for machining purposes with a lead content up to 1 percent by weight

1 July 2005 1 July 2008

 

3. Copper alloys containing up to 4 percent lead by weight

 

 

4. Lead/bronze bearing-shells and bushes

 

 

Lead and lead compounds in components

 

 

5. Batteries

 

X

6. Vibration dampers

 

X

7. Wheel balance weights

Vehicles type-approved before 1 July 2003 and wheel balance weights intended for servicing of these vehicles: 1 July 2005

X

8. Vulcanising agents and stabilisers for elastomers in fluid handling and powertrain applications

1 July 2005

 

1 July 2005

 

 

9. Stabilisers in protective paints

1 July 2005

 

 

10. Carbon brushes for electric motors

Vehicles type-approved before 1 July 2003 and carbon brushes for electrical motors intended for servicing of these vehicles: 1 January 2005

 

11. Solder in electronic circuit boards and other electrical applications

 

X1

12. Copper in brake linings containing more than 0.5 percent lead by weight

Vehicles type-approved before 1 July 2003 and servicing of these vehicles: 1 July 2004

X

13. Valve seats

Engine types developed before 1 July 20031 July 2006

 

14. Electrical components that contain lead in a glass or ceramic matrix compound with the exception of glass in bulbs and glaze of spark plugs

 

X2 (for components other than piezos in engines)

 

15. Glass in bulbs and glaze of spark plugs

1 January 2005

 

16. Pyrotechic initiators

1 July 2007

 

Hexavalent chromium

 

 

17. Corrosion-preventive coatings

1 July 2007

 

18. Absorption refrigerators in motor caravans

 

X

Mercury

 

 

19. Discharge lamps and instrument panel displays

 

X

Cadmium

 

 

20. Thick film pastes

1 July 2006

 

21. Batteries for electrical vehicles

After 31 December 2005, the placing on the market of NiCd batteries shall only be allowed as replacement parts for batteries for vehicles put on the market before this date.

X

1 Applies to dismantling if, in correlation with entry 14, an average threshold value of 60 grams of lead and lead compounds per vehicle is exceeded. In the application of this provision, electronic devices not installed by the manufacturer on the production line shall not be taken into account.

2 Applies to dismantling if, in correlation with entry 11, an average threshold value of 60 grams of lead and lead compounds per vehicle is exceeded. In the application of this provision, electronic devices not installed by the manufacturer on the production line shall not be taken into account.

Notes: - - A maximum concentration value up to 0.1 percent by weight and per homogeneous material for lead, hexavalent chromium and mercury, and up to 0.01 percent by weight per homogeneous material for cadium shall be tolerated, provided that these substances are not intentionally introduced.1 - - A maximum concentration value up to 0.4 percent by weight lead in aluminium shall also be tolerated, provided that this substance is not intentionally introduced.1 - - A maximum concentration value up to 0.4 percent by weight lead in copper, intended as friction material in brake linings shall be tolerated until 1 July 2000.